• Iryna Novak Ptoukha Institute for Demography and Social Studies of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine image/svg+xml


energy poverty, fuel poverty, sustainable human development, consensual approach, features of deprivation


The article is devoted to the study of the features of deprivation as indirect indicators of energy poverty of population in the context of sustainable human development. Based on a generalization of approaches to understanding and assessing energy poverty, it is proposed to consider fuel poverty as part of a broader concept of energy poverty of population, which includes not only access to and provision of energy resources and services, but also meeting a number of vital social, economic and environmental human needs. The aim of the study is to analyze the energy poverty of population based on a consensus approach to assessing the features of deprivation and identifying the groups of population, which are most vulnerable to the risks of energy poverty. The scientific novelty of this work is the formulation of a new approach to the expanded interpretation of energy poverty in the context of sustainable human development and the use of consensus approach in analyzing the features of deprivation to identify the most vulnerable groups of the population to the risks of energy poverty in Ukraine/ The following research methods are used: generalization and systematic analysis, which allowed to study the available scientific achievements in determining the energy poverty of population and justify the research methodology; statistical analysis and comparison to collect and systematize data, to determine the features of deprivation; abstract logical to formulate conclusions based on the results of the study. А global and European approaches to understanding and measuring energy poverty are generalized. On the basis of available national statistics, the features of deprivation as indirect indicators of energy poverty in Ukraine are analyzed, and socio-demographic groups of the population within increased risks of energy poverty are identified. In the context of sustainable human development, the need for a broader theoretical understanding of the energy poverty of the population has been identified, which should combine the availability and provision of energy resources and also services to meet vital social, economic and environmental human needs. The expediency of using a consensus approach to assess the features of deprivation in determining the groups of the population that are most vulnerable to the risks of energy poverty is argued.


  1. Jorgenson, A., Alekseyko, A., & Giedraitis, V. (2014). Energy consumption, human well- being and economic development in Central and Eastern European nations: A cautio- nary tale of sustainability. Energy Policy, 66, 419-427.
  2. Green Jobs: Towards Decent Work in a Sustainable, Low-Carbon World (2008). URL: https://
  3. Problems and solutions to energy poverty in Ukraine (2019) URL: http:// ukraine [in Russian].
  4. Fuel poverty. Cambridge Dictionary (n.d.). URL: сло- варь/английский/fuel-poverty
  5. Th omson, H. & Snell, C. (2016). Defi nitions and indicators of energy poverty across the EU. Energy poverty handbook. K. Csiba (Ed.). Brussels.
  6. Nussbaumer, P., Bazilian, M., Modi, V., & Yumkella, K. K. (2011). Measuring Energy Poverty: Focusing on What Matters. OPHI Working Papers, 42. University of Oxford.
  7. Pye, S., Dobbins, A., Baff ert, C., Brajković, J., Grgurev, I., & Miglio, R. et al. (2015). Energy poverty and vulnerable consumers in the energy sector across the EU: analysis of policies and measures. Policy report. INSIGHT_E. URL: fi les/documents/INSIGHT_E_Energy%20Poverty%20-%20Main%20Report_FINAL.pdf
  8. Boardman, B. (1991). Fuel Poverty: From Cold Homes to Aff ordable Warmth. London: Belhaven Press.
  9. Charlier, D. & Legendre, B. (2016). Fuel Poverty: a Composite Index Approach. FAERE Working Paper. URL:
  10. Hills, J. (2012). Getting the measure of fuel poverty: Final Report of the Fuel Poverty Review. CASE report 72. URL:
  11. Pysar, N.B. (2019). Th eoretical and methodological principles of formation and de ve- lopment of polarized economic space in the conditions of globalization. Doctor’s thesis. Ivano-Frankivs’k[in Russian].
  12. Self-assessment of the availability of certain goods and services to Ukrainian households (according to a sample survey of living conditions of households in October 2017). (2018). Kyiv: State Statistics Service of Ukraine [in Russian].
  13. Collection Fuel poverty statistics (2013). URL: fuel-poverty-statistics.
  14. Selecting Indicators to Measure Energy Poverty. (2016). Rotterdam: European Commis- sion, DG Energy, Trinomics B. V.
  15. Lambert, J.G., Hall, C.A.S, Balogh, S, Gupta, A., & Arnold, M. (2014). Energy, EROI and quality of life. Energy Policy, 64, 153-167
  16. Sovacool, B.K. (2011). Conceptualizing urban household energy use: Climbing the “Energy Services Ladder”. Energy Policy, 39, 1659-1668
  17. Healy, J.D. (2004). Housing, Fuel Poverty and Health: A Pan-European Analysis. Aldershot: Ashgate.
  18. Th omson, H., & Snell, C. (2014). Fuel Poverty Measurement in Europe: a Pilot Study. URL: Europe-Final-report-v2.pdf
  19. Petrova, S., Gentile, M., Mäkinen, I. H., & Bouzarovski, S. (2013). Perceptions of thermal comfort and housing quality: exploring the microgeographies of energy poverty in Stakhanov, Ukraine. Environment and Planning A, 45(5), 1240-1257.
  20. Gordon, D., Adelman, L., Ashworth, K., Bradshaw, J., Levitas, R., & Middleton, S., et al. (2000). Poverty and social exclusion in Britain. York: Joseph Rowntree Foundation.
  21. Human Development Indices and Indicators 2018 Statistical Update (2018). UNDP New York. Human Development Report Offi ce. URL: fi les/2018_human_development_statistical_update.pdf
  22. Maslow, A. H. (1943). A Th eory of Human Motivation. Psychological Review, 50, 370-396.
  23. Poliakova, S.V. & Novosil’s’ka, T.V. (2015). Consumption poverty: new dimensions. Demography And Social Economy, 1 (23), 22-31. [in Russian].
  24. Energy poverty: problems and approaches in the EU and Ukraine. (2019). Energy reforms. URL: pidhody-v-es-ta-ukrajini/ [in Russian].
  25. Methodology for comprehensive poverty assessment. (2017). LigaZakon. URL: http:// [in Russian].
  26. Klimov, I.A. (2007). Deprivation. Great Russian Encyclopedia. URL: sociology/text/1948445 [in Ukrainian].
  27. How to overcome energy poverty in Ukraine: 7 key points of the expert discussion (2019). Medium. URL:як-подолати-енергетичну-бідність-в- україні-7-ключових-тез-експертної-дискусії-991075ab4243 [in Russian].

Author Biography

Iryna Novak, Ptoukha Institute for Demography and Social Studies of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine

PhD (Economics), Senior Researcher



How to Cite

Новак, І. (2021). DEPRIVATION ENERGY POVERTY INDICATORS. Demography and Social Economy, 45(3), 158–172. Retrieved from



Energy Aspects of Quality of Life